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16 April, 12:46

Match the following. 1. a sequence of sugars, phosphates, and nitrogenous organic basesnucleic acid2. a complex molecule containing the genetic codeRNA3. a nucleic acid that participates in the synthesis of proteinsDNA

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  1. 16 April, 14:15
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    1. a sequence of sugars, phosphates, and nitrogenous organic bases: Nucleic acid

    2. a complex molecule containing the genetic code: DNA

    3. a nucleic acid that participates in the synthesis of proteins: RNA

    Explanation:

    Nucleic acids are the biomolecules that are composed of a sequence of nucleotides. Each nucleotide has a pentose sugar, a nitrogenous base, and a phosphate group. There are two types of nucleic acid called DNA and RNA. DNA differs from RNA with respect to the pentose sugar and the presence of a thymine base. The sequence of the template DNA strand serves as a genetic code.

    It is copied into the nucleotide sequence of mRNA during the process of transcription. The molecules of mRNA serve as a template for the synthesis of proteins when their nucleotide sequence is read in the form of genetic triplets.
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