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27 August, 05:10

Give me 8 types of genetic disorder?

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  1. 27 August, 06:01
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    The following are the common types genetic disorders;

    • Down Syndrome - A condition where a genetic chromosome 21 causes developmental and intellectual disorder

    • Hemophilia-A genetic disorder in which blood clots in an abnormal way

    • Sickle Cell Anemia-a group of disorder that makes the misshapes and breakdown of red blood cells

    • Thalassemia-a blood disorder where the blood contains lower-than-normal amounts of oxygen carrying protein.

    • Cystic fibrosis, which is an inherited disorder that causes damage to the lungs and the digestive system

    • Huntington's disease which is an inherited nerve cell condition where the brain breaks down over time

    • Duchenne muscular dystrophy which is an inherited disorder of progressive muscular weakness especially in boys

    • Fragile X syndrome a genetic disorder that causes intellectual disability.
  2. 27 August, 06:15
    0
    Genetic disorders can be grouped into three different categories. Single gene disorders result from a change or mutation in a single cell. Cystic fibrosis is an example of this type of disorder. Chromosome disorders are caused by too few or too many genes located on chromosomes, or other changes in chromosomes. Down syndrome is a type of chromosome disorder. Small changes in genes along with environmental factors cause complex, or multifactorial, disorders. Both cancer and heart disease fall into this third category of genetic disorders.
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