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15 October, 05:36

A university cafeteria line in the student union hall is a self-serve facility in which students select

the food items they want and then form a single line to pay the cashier. Students arrive at a rate

of about 4 per minute according to the Poisson distribution. The single cashier ringing up sales

takes about 12 seconds per customer, following an exponential distribution.

a) Assess the performance of the queue and write a report on your findings.

Answers (1)
  1. 15 October, 05:42
    The answer to this question is a = µ=60/12=5 students/min



    Given that:

    λ=4 students / min

    The Waiting time in Queue = λ / µ (µ - λ) = =4 / (5 * (5-4)) = 0.8 min

    The Number of students in the line L (q) = λ * W (q) = 4*.8 = 3.2 students

    TheNumber of students in the system L (q) = λ / (µ - λ) = 4 / (5-40=4 students


    The Probability of system to be empty = P0 = 1-P = 1-0.8 = 0.2


    If the management decides to add one more cashier with the same efficiency then we have

    µ = 6 sec/student = 10 students/min.


    P = λ / µ = 4/10=0.4


    The probability that cafeteria is empty = P0 = 1-0.4 = 0.6

    If we look at the above system traits, it is clear that the line is not empty and the students have to standby for 0.8 in the queue waiting to place their order and have it, also on an average there are 3.2 students in the queue and in the entry cafeteria there are 4 students who are waiting to be served.

    If the management decides to hire one more cashier with the same work rate or ability, then the probability of the cafeteria being free moves higher from 0.2 to 0.6 so it suggests that the management must hire one additional cashier.
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