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23 July, 01:15

A 1.0 L buffer solution is 0.060 MHC2H3O2 and 0.250 MLiC2H3O2. Which of the following actions will destroy the buffer? adding 0.060 moles of HCLadding 0.060 moles of LiOHAdding 0.060 moles of LiC2H3O2Adding 0.060 moles of HC2H3O2none of the above

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  1. 23 July, 02:12
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    adding 0.06 moles of LiOH will destroy the buffer

    Explanation:

    Step 1: analyzing the buffer

    We have in a 1L buffer solution 0.06M HC2H3O2, which is acetic acid, and is a weak acid.

    We have a 0.250M LiC2H3O2, which is lithium acetate, and is a conjugate base.

    Step 2 : Calculating moles

    mole acetic acid = 0.06M x 1L = 0.06 mol

    mole Lithium acetate = 0.250M x 1L = 0.250 mole

    ⇒ we can say that there is roughly 4-5 times more base than acid

    ⇒Since both are weak (respectively acid and base), adding one of those will not be enough to destroy the buffer, but instead we should think of adding a strong acid or base.

    Step3: Adding acid or base

    If we add a strong acid like HCL (0.06 moles) this will react with 0.06 moles of the weak base.

    ⇒0.25 mole conjugate base - 0.06 mole acid = 0.19 mole base remaining

    ⇒0.06 mole weak acid + 0.06 mole acid = 0.12 mole acid formed

    ⇒ We still have a buffer here, so adding 0.06 moles of a strong acid like HCl wil not destroy the buffer either.

    If we add 0.06 moles LiOH this will react with 0.06 moles of the weak acid. This means there will be remain 0 weak acid, but 100% conjugate base.

    Since we saw from the start that the buffer has 4-5 x more base than acid, it seems logical that adding more base will destroy the buffer.

    The correct answer is adding 0.06 moles of LiOH will destroy the buffer
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