 Chemistry
3 April, 14:51

# A 1.00 g sample of octane (C8H18) is burned in a bomb calorimeter with a heat capacity of 837J∘C that holds 1200. g of water at 25.0∘C. After the reaction, the final temperature of the water is 33.2∘C. Calculate the heat of combustion for 1.00mol of octane.

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1. 3 April, 15:39
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The heat of combustion for 1.00 mol of octane is - 5485.7 kJ/mol

Explanation:

Step 1: Data given

Mass of octane = 1.00 grams

Heat capacity of calorimeter = 837 J/°C

Mass of water = 1200 grams

Temperature of water = 25.0°C

Final temperature : 33.2 °C

Step 2: Calculate heat absorbed by the calorimeter

q = c*ΔT

⇒ with c = the heat capacity of the calorimeter = 837 J/°C

⇒ with ΔT = The change of temperature = T2 - T1 = 33.2 - 25.0 : 8.2 °C

q = 837 * 8.2 = 6863.4 J

Step 3: Calculate heat absorbed by the water

q = m*c*ΔT

⇒ m = the mass of the water = 1200 grams

⇒ c = the specific heat of water = 4.184 J/g°C

⇒ ΔT = The change in temperature = T2 - T1 = 33.2 - 25 = 8.2 °C

q = 1200 * 4.184 * 8.2 = 41170.56 J

Step 4: Calculate the total heat

qcalorimeter + qwater = 6863.4 + 41170. 56 = 48033.96 J = 48 kJ

Since this is an exothermic reaction, there is heat released. q is positive but ΔH is negative.

Step 5: Calculate moles of octane

Moles octane = 1.00 gram / 114.23 g/mol

Moles octane = 0.00875 moles

Step 6: Calculate heat combustion for 1.00 mol of octane

ΔH = - 48 kJ / 0.00875 moles

ΔH = - 5485.7 kJ/mol

The heat of combustion for 1.00 mol of octane is - 5485.7 kJ/mol