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17 July, 11:24

identify the social and political forces that shaped Europe between 1000 and 1300 CE. Evaluate the roles of manorialism, feudalism, universities, and the Crusades in contributing to Europe's identity as a distinctive cultural sphere. What factor, in your opinion, united Europe into a cultural sphere more than any other? Explain

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  1. 17 July, 13:03
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    Answer: The Crusades contributed most to shaping Europe in the broader context.

    Explanation:

    All the elements have contributed more or less to the development of the European continent, its society, and culture. Feudalism, as a social relation in Europe, had a wealthy tradition on the European continent, and as a social pattern through which social order functioned played a crucial role. Feudalism had a foothold with the rulers, and as such, it was the political relation on which economic ties on the continent were based. Manorialism is very close to Feudalism.

    Its core values rest on the autonomously functioning European states of the time, where hierarchical relations were regulated. Universities, science was generally in the domain of ecclesiastical believers. Therefore the formation of Europe in this sphere belonged to the church. The teachings and teachings propagated by the church as such were extremely limited but common to most countries. The Crusades contributed most to shaping Europe in all spheres. There were also unique representatives of the spiritual and secular government, as well as ordinary people. The crusades cemented the fact that Europe was a Christian continent, and at that time, culture formed precisely on this pattern, Catholicism.
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