16 April, 14:01

# A school graduation class wants to hire buses and vans for a trip to Jasper National Park. Each busholds 40 students and 3 teachers and cost \$1200 to rent. Each van holds 8 students and 1 teacherand costs \$100 to rent. The school has at least 400 students wanting to go, but at most 36 teachers.What is the minimum transportation cost?

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Answers (1)
1. 16 April, 15:01
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Let the school hire x buses and y vans.

A bus can hold 40 students and 3 teachers.

A van can hold 8 students and 1 teacher.

The number of students riding in buses and vans is at least 400, therefore

40x + 8y ≥ 400 (1)

The number of teachers riding in buses and vans is at most 36, therefore

3x + y ≤ 36 (2)

Write (1) and (2) as

y ≥ 50 - 5x (3)

y ≤ 36 - 3x (4)

The equality portion of the solution of (3) and (4) is

36 - 3x = 50 - 5x

2x = 14

x = 7 = > y = 36 - 3*7 = 15

A graph of the inequalities indicates the acceptable solution in shaded color, as shown below.

The minimum cost of renting buses and vans is

7*\$1200 + 15*\$100 = \$9900

Answer: The minimum cost is \$9,900
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