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6 June, 22:06

A small box is held in place against a rough vertical wall by someone pushing on it with a force directed upward at 27 ∘ above the horizontal. The coefficients of static and kinetic friction between the box and wall are 0.40 and 0.30, respectively. The box slides down unless the applied force has magnitude 18 N. What is the mass of the box in kilograms?

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  1. 6 June, 23:42
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    Applied force, F = 18 N

    Coefficient of static friction, μs = 0.4

    Coefficient of kinetic friction, μs = 0.3

    θ = 27°

    Let N be the normal reaction of the wall acting on the block and m be the mass of block.

    Resolve the components of force F.

    As the block is in the horizontal equilibrium, so

    F Cos 27° = N

    N = 18 Cos 27° = 16.04 N

    As the block does not slide so it means that the syatic friction force acting on the block balances the downwards forces acting on the block.

    The force of static friction is μs x N = 0.4 x 16.04 = 6.42 N ... (1)

    The vertically downward force acting on the block is mg - F Sin 27°

    = mg - 18 Sin 27° = mg - 8.172 ... (2)

    Now by equating the forces from equation (1) and (2), we get

    mg - 8.172 = 6.42

    mg = 14.592

    m x 9.8 = 14.592

    m = 1.49 kg

    Thus, the mass of block is 1.5 kg.
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