 Physics
31 January, 09:40

# honor physics The velocity of a 200 kg object is changed from 5 m/s to 25 m/s in 50 seconds by an applied constant force. a. What change in momentum does the force produced? by. What is the magnitude of the force?

+2
1. 31 January, 10:54
0
(a) 4000 kgm/s.

(b) 80 N

Explanation:

(a) Change in momentum: This can be defined as the product of the mass of a body and its change in velocity. The S. I unit of impulse is Ns or kgm/s

Mathematically, Change in momentum is expressed as

ΔM = mΔv ... Equation 1

Where ΔM = change in momentum, m = mass of the object, Δv = change in velocity = v₂ - v₁

Given: m = 200 kg, Δv = v₂ - v₁ = 25-5 = 20 m/s.

Substituting into equation 1

ΔM = 200 (20)

ΔM = 4000 kgm/s.

Hence the change in momentum = 4000 kgm/s

(b)

Force: This can be defined as the ratio of the change in momentum of a body to the time required for the change.

F = ΔM/t ... Equation 2

Where F = force, ΔM = change in momentum, t = time.

Given: ΔM = 4000 kgm/s, t = 50 second.

Substituting into equation 2

F = 4000/50

F = 80 N.

Hence the force = 80 N